First, clean the site from plant residues, weeds, then, if you want to make fertilizer, they are uniformly embedded - are scattered across the surface and dig it to a depth of 22-27 cm within the given depth of the humus horizon of the soil.
Seeds of ornamental plants in mostly small. If due to poor soil preparation seeds fall to a greater depth, they will ascend disjointed, as most of the seedlings are not able to break through a thick layer of soil, and die. As a result, there will be uneven, sometimes very sparse shoots.
After rain or irrigation on soil crust is formed, which hinders gas exchange. In addition, dense soil to crust dries quickly. Petty loosening soil crust is destroyed, the weeds are destroyed and as a result better retain moisture. A particularly negative impact on the availability of soil crust appearance of small-seeded plants. Loosening produce a depth of 5-6 cm hand rippers.
For a good development of flowering plants is necessary to improve the physical properties of the soil. Need to plant in a particular mixture is related to its biological characteristics. The earth mixture is a product of the decomposition of turf, leaves, manure, peat and other components that contain large amounts of organic matter, and is characterized by the best physical and chemical properties.
Usually harvested turf, leaf, humus and peat land. The first of these hard, resilient, porous, and the remaining light.
Ornamental plants respond well to fertilizer application to the soil. After making fertilizer flowers are large, bright, a lot of time retain their freshness. For plants, the best fertilizer - it is manure. It activates the microbial activity of the soil, improves soil structure. The average rate of its application: for annuals - 2-3 kg under the long-term - 6-9 kg per sq. m. In this case you need to use manure second or third year of decomposition, fresh manure decomposition first year is not recommended.
Besides manure as organic fertilizer can be used lowland (black) peat, chicken manure and compost.
Very efficient fertilizing plants with organic fertilizers. Liquid organic fertilizer can be made from mullein or chicken manure. The barrel or bucket to put a quarter of fresh mullein, top to top up the water and stir thoroughly. The resulting solution is diluted before use with pure water 6-8 times.
Manure from chicken manure contains much more nutrients than manure from mullein.
Before first fertilizing plants are watered with water, and between plants do groove depth of 4-5 cm and then poured into them a liquid fertilizer and, once it is absorbed, the grooves covered with soil. Such feeding is carried out once a week or 10 days. When feeding of the plants during the formation of flower buds and flowering is recommended to add 4-5 g of superphosphate per liter of solution.
Special rules feeding: liquid fertilizers are applied after rain or after a heavy watering with clean water; you can not feed liquid fertilizer in hot weather; Only fertilize rooted plants, liquid fertilizer should not fall on the leaves of plants, the constant fertilizing perennials produced in late July.
Great local fertilizer - ash, within which are contained in easily digestible form potassium and phosphorus. It has alkaline properties, it is usually used in the acid soils of 25-50 g per 1 sq. m. It is widely used in horticulture and fertilizer. Fertilizer - a chemical in the composition of which contains one, two or more of useful elements to plants in a certain percentage.
100 g or 100 kg of fertilizer may contain 20 percent or more desired active substance and the rest - the component or ballast. For example, 100 kg of urea contains 46 kg of pure nitrogen component and 54 kg. In practice, the amount of fertilizer to the soil may be expressed as its physical weight or translated into a useful active ingredient. In the first case it is called the rate number in the second - dose.
From widely used nitrogen fertilizer, urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulphate and others. Nitrogen fertilizers contribute to strengthening the growth of stems and leaves. Excessive fertilizer they usually detains flowered plants or they are affected by fungal diseases. All nitrogen fertilizer readily soluble in water, applied to the soil just before the seeding or used as feed in a period of growth, before they can be dissolved in water. In practice, in 10 liters of water was dissolved a certain amount of nitrogen fertilizer, and then feeding is performed based solution approximately 15-20 grams of active fertilizer substances per square meter.
Phosphate fertilizers are important for early and abundant long-flowering plant. They needed all the flowering plants in any soil.
Phosphate fertilizers are recommended to make digging before planting, as well as a dressing. Of course, most of them need during the flowering plants. Almost all sparingly, especially phosphate rock. Many acidic phosphate fertilizers, so you should make them in acidic soils only after liming. To feed recommended superphosphate - relatively well soluble fertilizer.
The most commonly used in horticulture potash: muriate of potash, potassium sulfate, potassium chloride. They affect cold resistance and growth of plants, together with the phosphorus fertilizers have a positive effect on flowering plants. It is better to make the soil well in advance, in the autumn.
In addition, soil can be made complex fertilizer (nitrophoska, ammonium phosphate, NPK, etc.), which are composed of two or three battery (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium).
The percentage content of nutrients in fertilizers indicated in the passports, which are attached to the container.
Along with fertilized soil in creating an adequate environment plant growth and development plays an important role in soil calcium. When the soil is small, the soil is acidic, and the plants do not grow. It is therefore recommended to make 1-2 kg of lime per square meter. m.
For normal growth and development of plants is also necessary to make the soil minerals boron, manganese, zinc, molybdenum, cobalt and others. With a lack of soil any trace not only reduces the vegetative mass of plants, but also worsens the quality of their flowers. They are usually applied to the soil is much less. However, they give a good effect only when the soil is well supplied with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and others. The rate of incorporation in the soil is usually indicated in the passport package.