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Orchid Diseases

Diseases of orchids can be divided into non-infectious and infectious. C Incorrect care are connected non-communicable diseases. They can ease the process of plant growth, or even lead to his death, as well as contribute to the development of pathogens.

Noncommunicable diseases orchids

The most common orchids to noncommunicable diseases include yellowing of leaves. This phenomenon is the result of improper care. Among the causes of it are the following:

  • hypothermia or freezing of plants,
  • excessive or scanty watering,
  • sunburn,
  • insufficient lighting.

It should be noted that frequent phenomenon in the wrong care is not only sunburn, but steaming and plants. Steaming, compared to a burn, it brings much more harm due to the fact that the adverse effects are exposed not only leaves but also buds, bud, root system, ie almost all of the plant. The leaves are exposed to burns, usually covered with yellow spots, the degree burns when it is directly proportional to their size.

It can cause the death of orchid and prolonged hypothermia (over 10 hours). In this case, vegetative buds are killed, and the plant ceases to grow and develop.

In order to prevent the occurrence of noncommunicable diseases orchids should:

  • avoid hypothermia or freezing of the plant, ensuring optimal temperature conditions for it;
  • normalize watering plants;
  • select the lighting mode.

Orchid Diseases can develop when a lack of light. On the lack of light may indicate modified leaves of orchids. In this case, they usually acquire an elongated shape and light green in color.

Infectious diseases of orchids

Infectious diseases of orchids are among the more serious and require appropriate action. Their presence may indicate a mosaic mottling of leaves and flowers, very small spots of different shapes: round, in the form of strips, arrows.

If there is suspicion of a viral disease of the orchid should be immediately isolated from other plants and Doctors. If confirmed, the version it is necessary to destroy, to prevent the spread of viral disease to other plants.

Orchids are often subjected to bacterial or fungal diseases. With bacterial spot some parts of the leaves turn yellow, then become a darker shade of wet and covered with sores.

With this form of the disease should be the following:

  • isolate the plant;
  • cut the affected areas,
  • sections were treated with iodine or particulate activated carbon.

In the absence of yellowing for 10 days, the plant is considered to be healthy. It can be returned to its original location and continue to enjoy the beauty.

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