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Republic of Mordovia - the territory, which is one of the subjects of the Russian Federation, located in the European part of Russia.

The territory of Mordovia

Its territory is located on the East European Plain and has borders with neighboring subjects of the Federation: with the Nizhny Novgorod region - in northern, Chuvashia - in the north-eastern part, with the Ulyanovsk region - the eastern part, with the Penza region - in the southern part of the Ryazan region - in the western part. The area of the republic is a little over 26 thousand square kilometers.

The capital of the Republic of Mordovia - Saransk city. In addition to his composition of this subject of the Federation - 22 districts and two cities of republican subordination: Ruzaevka and Kovylkino. The region is a part of the Volga Federal District.

The population of Mordovia

The total population of the Republic of Mordovia is over 800 thousand people, of whom about 300,000 live in the administrative center of the region - Saransk. In total, the urban area is constantly live more than 60% of the total population of the region; thus, it is an area with a high level of urbanization.

Despite the fact that the Republic of Mordovia administrative part of the Russian population, referring to Russian nationality, here is a little more than half of its total population: according to the 2010 census, they are 53.4% of the total population of the region. At the same time about 40% living in the territory of the Federation people are traditional Mordovian Ethnos - Moksha and Erzyan. In this traditional ethnic groups differ compact nature of their booking so Moksha localized mainly in the central and western parts of the country, and Erzyan - in its eastern part. Most of the population, according to census data, is committed to the Orthodox religion.

In 5 of the 22 districts that make up the Republic of Mordovia, a national group Moksha is the ethnic majority. Erzyan have a numerical advantage in 6 districts of the region. In the urban areas of the Federation dominated by Russian population. In this regard, in the country officially recognized the status of the state language has three dialects: Russian, Moksha and Erzya. In this Moksha and Erzya languages, according to experts in the field of linguistics, belong to the Finno-Ugric language group.
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