Pathogens are microorganisms of the genus Brucella. Infection occurs from contact with animals that are carriers of the causative agent of any of brucellosis (Brucella melitensis, Brucella abortus, Brucella suis), or in the process of consumption of contaminated food products.
Gateway for infection are the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and digestive organs or microtrauma, available on the skin. The spread of the disease occurs through the lymphatic vessels: periodically microbes multiply, accumulate in the lymph nodes and released into the blood. This involves the restructuring of an allergic organism.
The incubation period for brucellosis may last from 3 weeks to several months and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- joint pain;
- High temperature (up to 38C) for a long time or surges;
- Perspiration and sweating, especially during sleep;
- Lack of energy, weakness.
The disease affects almost all organs and systems: heart, respiratory system, musculoskeletal system, urogenital system, lymph nodes, spleen, central nervous system and the eyes.
Diagnosis includes evaluation of clinical presentation, severity of symptoms, laboratory tests.
For the treatment of brucellosis appointed antibiotics. If treatment is not started or was performed incorrectly, brucellosis in a third of cases become chronic.